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Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan: Potashcorp Reports First-Quarter Earnings Of $0.09 Per Share Key Highlights

The following excerpt is from the company's SEC filing.

First-quarter earnings of $0.09 per share

, including:

Notable non-cash charges in phosphate of $0.03 per share

New Brunswick severance charges of $0.03 per share

Full-year 2016 capital expenditures guidance reduced by approximately $100 million

Full-year 2016 earnings guidance lowered to $0.60-$0.80 per share

Second-quarter earnings guidance set at $0.15-$0.25 per share

CEO Commentary

Lower prices for all nutrients weighed on our performance for the quarter and contributed to a more subdued outlook for the year, said PotashCorp President and Chief Ex ecutive Officer Jochen Tilk. In potash, the deferral of new contracts in China led to cautious buying patterns in other regions, resulting in a weaker demand environment and lower prices.

Amidst this backdrop, we took meaningful steps during the quarter that align with our potash strategy, including the suspension of operations in New Brunswick and production curtailments in Saskatchewan. While these steps impacted our first-quarter results, we are confident they best support medium to long-term performance. Our approach to markets like our approach to the balance sheet will continue to be proactive and prudent, said Tilk.

Importantly, we believe this approach coupled with supportive economics and recognition of improved nutrient value by farmers is already making a difference. In recent weeks, spot markets have begun to stabilize and customer sentiment is improving. We see better conditions for the remainder of 2016, but recognize that the timing and strength of a recovery is still unfolding.

Saskatoon, Saskatchewan

Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan Inc. (PotashCorp) reported first-quarter earnings of $0.09 per share ($75 million) including notable charges of $0.06 per share ($52 million) down from $0.44 ($370 million) generated in the same period of 2015.

Weaker prices primarily for potash and nitrogen and lower offshore potash sales volumes negatively impacted performance for the quarter, with gross margin of $234 million, cash provided by operating activities of $188 million and earnings before finance costs, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, termination benefit costs and certain impairment charges (adjusted EBITDA)

of $385 million, all well below 2015s respective totals.

Investments in Arab Potash Company (APC) in Jordan and Sociedad Quimica y Minera de Chile S.A. (SQM) in Chile contributed $21 million to our quarterly earnings, trailing the $33 million generated in the first quarter

of 2015. The market value of our investments in these two publicly traded companies, as well as Israel Chemicals Ltd. (ICL) in Israel and Sinofert Holdings Limited (Sinofert) in China, equated to approximately $4 billion, or $5 per PotashCorp share, at market close on April 27, 2016.

Market Conditions

The absence of new contracts in China, limited demand from India and cautious buying patterns in spot markets reduced global potash deliveries in the first quarter. This weaker demand environment, combined with increased competitive pressures, pushed spot prices lower most notably in North America although they stabilized late in the quarter as signs of strengthening demand began to emerge ahead of the key application season.

Lower global energy costs and new nitrogen capacity pressured prices for all nitrogen products, keeping them below those realized in first-quarter 2015, although urea and UAN prices displayed seasonal strength in the US as buyers prepared for the spring planting season.

Global phosphate markets remained muted in the first quarter as elevated inventories in India and cautious buying in Brazil led to weaker shipments than those in first-quarter 2015. Tighter supply for feed, industrial and liquid fertilizer products supported more stable demand and prices relative to solid fertilizers.

Weaker realized prices and offshore sales volumes, combined with costs of suspending production at our Picadilly facility in New Brunswick ($32 million), led to lower first-quarter potash gross margin of $88 million, compared to the $428 million generated during the same period in 2015.

First-quarter sales volumes of 1.8 million tonnes were well below the 2.3 million tonnes sold in the first quarter last year. While shipments to North America were relatively flat, offshore volumes were down 35 percent, largely due to weaker deliveries to contract markets. The majority of Canpotexs

volumes were sold to Other Asian markets outside of China and India (49 percent) and Latin America (28 percent), while China and India accounted for 11 percent and 4 percent, respectively.

In this environment of constrained global demand, our average realized potash price for the first quarter was $178 per tonne, well below the $284 per tonne generated in the first quarter of 2015.

Consistent with our practice of matching supply with market demand, in January we announced suspension of production at our Picadilly potash facility (2 million tonnes nameplate capacity). Additionally, in February we announced approximately 0.4 million tonnes of production curtailments at our Saskatchewan operations. These decisions resulted in elevated per-tonne cost of goods sold of $128 per tonne for the first quarter, 27 percent higher than in the same period last year.


In nitrogen, gross margin of $107 million for the quarter trailed the $181 million generated in the first quarter of 2015 as weaker prices particularly for ammonia were partially offset by higher volumes and lower natural gas costs. Our US operations accounted for 73 percent of our nitrogen gross margin for the quarter, with Trinidad providing the remainder.

Sales volumes for the quarter of 1.7 million tonnes were up 27 percent compared to the first quarter of 2015, due to strong demand and increased production at our recently expanded Lima facility.

Weaker benchmark pricing saw our average realizations drop to $244 per tonne during the quarter, down significantly from $351 in the corresponding period of 2015.

Cost of goods sold for the first quarter was $182 per tonne, down from $215 in the same period last year, driven mainly by lower natural gas costs in Trinidad and the US.


In phosphate, first-quarter gross margin ($39 million) was negatively impacted by weaker prices and a non-cash impairment charge of $27 million. These factors more than offset the benefit of lower input costs, causing this years total to trail the $58 million earned in the comparable period last year.

Quarterly sales volumes of 0.7 million tonnes were up 10 percent compared to 2015s first quarter, due primarily to fewer production constraints.

Our average realized phosphate price for the first quarter was $499 per tonne, down from the $574 per tonne in the same period last year as weaker demand weighed on prices, most notably for solid fertilizers.

Per-tonne cost of goods sold in the quarter was $446, down from $487 in the first quarter last year as lower input costs more than offset notable non-cash charges, primarily an impairment of property, plant and equipment at Aurora related to an industrial product that we will no longer produce.


Provincial mining and other taxes for the quarter totaled $31 million, down from $95 million in last years corresponding period, largely due to lower expected potash prices in 2016.

Income tax expense for the first quarter ($32 million) was down from the comparable period last year ($140 million) due to lower total earnings.

Potash Market Outlook

We expect supportive crop economics and agronomic need to support strong potash consumption through the remainder of the year. Spring planting requirements and the anticipation of contract settlements are expected to increase shipments; however, given the slower start to 2016, we have lowered the upper end of our annual global potash shipment range and now estimate 59-61 million tonnes.

In North America, we anticipate that an increase in planted acres will support potash demand in 2016. Our full-year shipment estimate in this market is now expected in the range of 9.0-9.5 million tonnes, slightly lower than our previous estimate. With improved demand, the negative pricing trends of recent months appear to be abating.

In Latin America, favorable farmer economics are expected to support another year of consumption growth. Agronomic need and expectations of increased soybean acreage in the key planting season are expected to support demand of 10.8-11.3 million tonnes, slightly above 2015 levels.

Strong underlying consumption trends and new contracts are expected to support shipments to China in the range of 13.5-14.5 million tonnes for 2016, in line with our previous estimates but below 2015s record levels.

In India, we expect an improved monsoon, declining inventories and the potential for lower farm retail prices will lead to new contracts and support shipments of 4.0-4.5 million tonnes. While weaker first-quarter deliveries have reduced our annual expectations for this market, they mark an increase from 2015s levels.

In Other Asian markets, higher palm oil prices are expected to support demand of 8.7-9.0 million tonnes in 2016, above both our previous expectations and total shipments in 2015.

Financial Outlook

In response to weaker demand, we curtailed production and have lowered our expectations for 2016 potash sales volumes to a range of 8.3-8.8 million tonnes. The combination of lower volumes and weaker prices reflecting the decline during the first quarter has reduced expectations for our full-year potash gross margin, which is now forecast at $0.5-$0.7 billion. Similarly challenging market conditions have caused us to lower our combined nitrogen and phosphate gross margin guidance to a range of $0.6-$0.8 billion in 2016.

In response to weaker cash flow projections, we have reduced our full-year capital expenditures guidance and now anticipate a range of $0.7-$0.8 billion.

We now expect our provincial mining and other taxes will be in the range of 24-27 percent of potash gross margin (excluding New Brunswick severance costs) due to adjustments for the prior years potash production tax provision. Selling and administrative expenses are now forecast in the range of $235-$245 million. Due to the recent strength of the Canadian dollar, we have revised our full-year foreign exchange rate assumption to CDN$1.34 per US dollar.

As a result of the changes noted, we have lowered our full-year 2016 earnings guidance to $0.60-$0.80 per share. For the second quarter, we forecast a range of $0.15-$0.25 per share.

All annual guidance numbers including those noted above are outlined in the table below.

2016 Guidance

Earnings per share

Annual: $0.60-$0.80 Q2: $0.15-$0.25

Potash sales volumes

Potash gross margin

Nitrogen and phosphate gross margin

Capital expenditures*

Effective tax rate

25-27 percent

Provincial mining and other taxes**

Selling and administrative expenses

Finance costs

$210-$220 million

Income from offshore equity investments***

$120-$140 million

Annual foreign exchange rate assumption

CDN$1.34 per US$

Annual EPS sensitivity to foreign exchange

US$ strengthens vs. CDN$ by $0.02 = +$0.01 EPS

Does not include capitalized interest

As a percentage of potash gross margin, excluding New Brunswick severance costs

Includes income from dividends and share of equity earnings


1. All references to per-share amounts pertain to diluted net income per share.

2. See reconciliation and description of non-IFRS measures in the attached section titled Selected Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliations and Supplemental Information.

3. Canpotex Limited (Canpotex), the offshore marketing company for PotashCorp and two other Saskatchewan potash producers.

PotashCorp is the worlds largest crop nutrient company and plays an integral role in global food production. The company produces the three essential nutrients required to help farmers grow healthier, more abundant crops. With global population rising and diets improving in developing countries, these nutrients offer a responsible and practical solution to meeting the long-term demand for food. PotashCorp is the largest producer, by capacity, of potash and one of the largest producers of nitrogen and phosphate. While agriculture is its primary market, the company also produces products for animal nutrition and industrial uses. Common shares of Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan Inc. are listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange.

For further information please contact:


Denita Stann

Randy Burton

Senior Vice President, Investor and Public Relations

Director, Public Relations and Communications

Phone: (306) 933-8521

Phone: (306) 933-8849

Fax: (306) 933-8844



This release contains forward-looking statements (within the meaning of the US Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) or forward-looking information(within the meaning of appropriate Canadian securities legislation) that relate to future events or our future performance. These statements can be identified by expressions of belief, expectation or intention, as well as those statements that are not historical fact. These statements often contain words such as should, could, expect, forecast, may,anticipate, believe, intend, estimates, plans and similar expressions. These statements are based on certain factors and assumptions as set forth in this document, including with respect to: foreign exchange rates, expected growth, results of operations, performance, business prospects and opportunities, and effective tax rates. While we consider these factors and assumptions to be reasonable based on information currently available, they may prove to be incorrect. Forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict. The results or events set forth in forward-looking statements may differ materially from actual results or events. Several factors could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed in forward-looking statements including, but not limited to, the following: variations from our assumptions with respect to foreign exchange rates, expected growth, results of operations, performance, business prospects and opportunities, and effective tax rates; fluctuations in supply and demand in the fertilizer, sulfur and petrochemical markets; changes in competitive pressures, including pricing pressures; risks and uncertainties related to any operating and workforce changes made in response to our industry and the markets we serve, including mine and inventory shutdowns; adverse or uncertain economic conditions and changes in credit and financial markets; economic and political uncertainty around the world; changes in capital markets; the results of sales contract negotiations; unexpected or adverse weather conditions; changes in currency and exchange rates; risks related to reputational loss; the occurrence of a major safety incident; inadequate insurance coverage for a significant liability; inability to obtain relevant permits for our operations; catastrophic events or malicious acts, including terrorism; certain complications that may arise in our

mining process, including water inflows; risks and uncertainties related to our international operations and assets; our ownership of non-controlling equity interests in other companies; our prospects to reinvest capital in strategic opportunities and acquisitions; risks associated with natural gas and other hedging activities; security risks related to our information technology systems; imprecision in reserve estimates; costs and availability of transportation and distribution for our raw materials and products, including railcars and ocean freight; changes in, and the effects of, government policies and regulations; earnings and the decisions of taxing authorities which could affect our effective tax rates; increases in the price or reduced availability of the raw materials that we use; our ability to attract, develop, engage and retain skilled employees; strikes or other forms of work stoppage or slowdowns; rates of return on, and the risks associated with, our investments and capital expenditures; timing and impact of capital expenditures; the impact of further innovation; adverse developments in new and pending legal proceedings or government investigations; and violations of our governance and compliance policies. These risks and uncertainties are discussed in more detail under the headings Risk Factors and Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results and Operations and Financial Condition in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 and in other documents and reports subsequently filed by us with the US Securities and Exchange Commission and the Canadian provincial securities commissions. Forward-looking statements are given only as of the date hereof and we disclaim any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements in this release, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

PotashCorp will host a Conference Call on Thursday, April 28, 2016 at 1:00 pm Eastern Time.

Telephone Conference:

Dial-in numbers:

From Canada and the US


From Elsewhere


Live Webcast:


Webcast participants can submit questions to management online from their audio player pop-up window.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

(in millions of US dollars except as otherwise noted)


Three Months Ended

March 31



(Note 2)

$ 1,209

$ 1,665

Freight, transportation and distribution

Gross Margin

Share of earnings of equity-accounted investees

Other (expenses) income (Note 3)

Operating Income

Finance costs

Income Before Income Taxes

Income taxes (Note 4)

Net Income

$ 75

$ 370

Net Income per Share

$ 0.09

$ 0.45


$ 0.44

Dividends Declared per Share

$ 0.25

$ 0.38

Weighted Average Shares Outstanding





(See Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements)

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(in millions of US dollars)

Three Months Ended

(Net of related income taxes)

Other comprehensive income

Items that have been or may be subsequently reclassified to net income:

Available-for-sale investments

Net fair value gain during the period

Cash flow hedges

Net fair value loss during the period

Reclassification to income of net loss

Other Comprehensive Income



Available-for-sale investments are comprised of shares in Israel Chemicals Ltd., Sinofert Holdings Limited and other.

Cash flow hedges are comprised of natural gas derivative instruments and treasury lock derivatives and were net of income taxes of $3 (2015 - $12).

Net of income taxes of $(8) (2015 - $(6)).

(See Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements)

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow

Operating Activities

Net income


Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities (Note 5)

Changes in non-cash operating working capital (Note 5)

Cash provided by operating activities

Investing Activities

Additions to property, plant and equipment

Other assets and intangible assets

Cash used in investing activities

Financing Activities

Proceeds from long-term debt obligations

Finance costs on long-term debt obligations

Proceeds from (repayment of) short-term debt obligations

Issuance of common shares

Cash provided by (used in) financing activities

(Decrease) Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Period

Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Period

Cash and cash equivalents comprised of:

Short-term investments

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity

Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income




gain on


(loss) gain on

designated as




Balance - December 31, 2015


$ (10

$ (50

Dividends declared

Effect of share-based compensation including issuance of common shares

Shares issued for dividend reinvestment plan

Balance - March 31, 2016




$ (9

$ (39



Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position

(in millions of US dollars except share amounts)


Current assets



Prepaid expenses and other current assets

Non-current assets

Property, plant and equipment



Investments in equity-accounted investees

Intangible assets

Total Assets




Current liabilities

Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt

Payables and accrued charges

Current portion of derivative instrument liabilities

Non-current liabilities

Long-term debt

Derivative instrument liabilities

Deferred income tax liabilities

Pension and other post-retirement benefit liabilities

Asset retirement obligations and accrued environmental costs

Other non-current liabilities and deferred credits

Total Liabilities

Shareholders Equity

Share capital

Unlimited authorization of common shares without par value; issued and outstanding 838,923,638 and 836,540,151 at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

Contributed surplus

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

Retained earnings

Total Shareholders Equity

Total Liabilities and Shareholders Equity

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016

1. Significant Accounting Policies

With its subsidiaries, Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan Inc. (PCS) together known as PotashCorp or the company except to the extent the context otherwise requires forms an integrated fertilizer and related industrial and feed products company. The companys accounting policies are in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IFRS). The accounting policies and methods of computation used in preparing these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements are consistent with those used in the preparation of the companys 2015 annual consolidated financial statements.

These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of PCS and its subsidiaries; however, they do not include all disclosures normally provided in annual consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the companys 2015 annual consolidated financial statements. Further, while the financial figures included in this preliminary interim results announcement have been computed in accordance with IFRS applicable to interim periods, this announcement does not contain sufficient information to constitute an interim financial report as that term is defined in International Accounting Standard (IAS) 34, Interim Financial Reporting. The company expects to publish an interim financial report that complies with IAS 34 in its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q in May 2016.

In managements opinion, the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments necessary to present fairly such information. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the fiscal year.

2. Segment Information

The company has three reportable operating segments: potash, nitrogen and phosphate. The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in Note 1. Inter-segment sales are made under terms that approximate market value.




All Others

Sales - third party




Freight, transportation and distribution - third party

Net sales - third party

Cost of goods sold - third party

Margin (cost) on inter-segment sales

Gross margin

Depreciation and amortization

Termination benefit costs

Impairment of property, plant and equipment

Cash outflows for additions to property, plant and equipment

Inter-segment net sales were $17.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2015

All Others

Inter-segment net sales were $18.

3. Other (Expenses) Income

Foreign exchange (loss) gain



Other income (expenses)

4. Income Taxes

A separate estimated average annual effective tax rate was determined for each taxing jurisdiction and applied individually to the interim period pre-tax income of each jurisdiction.

Income tax expense

Actual effective tax rate on ordinary earnings

Actual effective tax rate including discrete items

Discrete tax adjustments that impacted the tax rate

Reconciliation of cash provided by operating activities

Share-based compensation

Net undistributed earnings of equity-accounted investees

Provision for deferred income tax

Pension and other post-retirement benefits

Other long-term liabilities and miscellaneous

Subtotal of adjustments

Subtotal of changes in non-cash operating working capital



Supplemental cash flow disclosure

Interest paid

Income taxes paid

Selected Financial Data

Potash Sales (tonnes - thousands)

Manufactured Product


Potash Net Sales

(US $ millions)



Other miscellaneous and purchased product

Average Realized Sales Price per MT

Cost of Goods Sold per MT

Gross Margin per MT

March 31

Average Natural Gas Cost in Production per MMBtu

Nitrogen Sales (tonnes - thousands)


Solutions/Nitric acid/Ammonium nitrate

Fertilizer sales tonnes

Industrial/Feed sales tonnes

Nitrogen Net Sales

Freight, transportation and distributionthird party

Other miscellaneous and purchased product

Fertilizer net sales

Industrial/Feed net sales



Fertilizer average price per MT

Industrial/Feed average price per MT

Includes inter-segment ammonia sales (tonnes - thousands)

Includes inter-segment ammonia net sales

Includes inter-segment other miscellaneous and purchased product net sales

Phosphate Sales (tonnes - thousands)

Feed and Industrial

Phosphate Net Sales



Selected Additional Data

Exchange Rate (Cdn$/US$)




First-quarter average conversion rate



Potash production (KCl Tonnes - thousands)

Potash shutdown weeks

Nitrogen production (N Tonnes - thousands)

Ammonia operating rate

Phosphate production (P

Phosphate P

PotashCorps total shareholder return


Product tonnes involved in customer complaints (thousands)


Taxes and royalties ($ millions)


Annualized Employee Turnover Rate


Total site recordable injury rate (per 200,000 work hours)


Environmental incidents

Number of employees

Represents weeks of full production shutdown; excludes the impact of any periods of reduced operating rates, planned routine annual maintenance shutdowns and suspension of Picadilly potash operations.

Taxes and royalties = current income tax expense - investment tax credits - realized excess tax benefit related to share-based compensation + potash production tax + resource surcharge + royalties + municipal taxes + other miscellaneous taxes (calculated on an accrual basis).

Excluding retirements and workforce changes related to suspension of Picadilly potash operations.

Total site includes PotashCorp employees, contractors and others on site (as defined in our 2015 Annual Integrated Report).

Total of reportable quantity releases, permit excursions and provincial reportable spills (as defined in our 2015 Annual Integrated Report).

Selected Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliations and Supplemental Information

(in millions of US dollars except percentage amounts)

The following information is included for convenience only. Generally, a non-IFRS financial measure is a numerical measure of a companys performance, cash flows or financial position that either excludes or includes amounts that are not normally excluded or included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with IFRS. EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, cash flow prior to working capital changes and free cash flow are not measures of financial performance (nor do they have standardized meanings) under IFRS. In evaluating these measures, investors should consider that the methodology applied in calculating such measures may differ among companies and analysts.

The company uses both IFRS and certain non-IFRS measures to assess performance. Management believes these non-IFRS measures provide useful supplemental information to investors in order that they may evaluate PotashCorps financial performance using the same measures as management. Management believes that, as a result, the investor is afforded greater transparency in assessing the financial performance of the company. These non-IFRS financial measures should not be considered as a substitute for, nor superior to, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with IFRS.


Set forth below is a reconciliation of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA to net income and adjusted EBITDA margin to net income as a percentage of sales, the most directly comparable financial measures calculated and presented in accordance with IFRS.

Adjusted EBITDA

EBITDA is calculated as net income before finance costs, income taxes, and depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as net income before finance costs, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, termination benefit costs and certain impairment charges. PotashCorp uses EBITDA as a supplemental financial measure of its operational performance. Management believes EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA to be an important measure as it excludes the effects of items which primarily reflect the impact of long-term investment and financing decisions, rather than the performance of the companys day-to-day operations. As compared to net income according to IFRS, these measures are limited in that they do not reflect the periodic costs of certain capitalized tangible and intangible assets used in generating revenues in the companys business, or the charges associated with impairments. Management evaluates such items through other financial measures such as capital expenditures and cash flow provided by operating activities. The company believes that these measurements are useful to measure a companys ability to service debt and to meet other payment obligations or as a valuation measurement.





Net income as a percentage of sales

Adjusted EBITDA margin

Adjusted EBITDA margin is calculated as adjusted EBITDA divided by net sales (sales less freight, transportation and distribution). Management believes comparing adjusted EBITDA to net sales earned (net of costs to deliver product) is an important indicator of efficiency. In addition to the limitations given above in using adjusted EBITDA as compared to net income, adjusted EBITDA margin as compared to net income as a percentage of sales is also limited in that freight, transportation and distribution costs are incurred and valued independently of sales; adjusted EBITDA also includes share of earnings of equity-accounted investees whose sales are not included in consolidated sales. Management evaluates these items individually on the consolidated statements of income.


Set forth below is a reconciliation of cash flow prior to working capital changes and free cash flow to cash provided by operating activities, the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with IFRS.

Cash flow prior to working capital changes

Changes in non-cash operating working capital

Free cash flow

Management uses cash flow prior to working capital changes as a supplemental financial measure in its evaluation of liquidity. Management believes that adjusting principally for the swings in non-cash working capital items due to seasonality or other timing issues assists management in making long-term liquidity assessments. The company also believes that this measurement is useful as a measure of liquidity or as a valuation measurement.

The company uses free cash flow as a supplemental financial measure in its evaluation of liquidity and financial strength. Management believes that adjusting principally for the swings in non-cash operating working capital items due to seasonality or other timing issues, additions to property, plant and equipment, and changes to other assets assists management in the long-term assessment of liquidity and financial strength. Management also believes that this measurement is useful as an indicator of its ability to service its debt, meet other payment obligations and make strategic investments. Readers should be aware that free cash flow does not represent residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures.






Expenses included in the above:

The above information was disclosed in a filing to the SEC. To see the filing, click here.

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