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Baker Hughes Announces Third Quarter Results

HOUSTON, Oct. 21, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Baker Hughes Incorporated (NYSE: BHI) announced today results for the third quarter of 2015.

"In the third quarter, we delivered increased operating profit sequentially, despite deteriorating market conditions and lower revenue," said Martin Craighead, Baker Hughes Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. "Internationally, despite a 4% decrease in revenue we expanded margins across all of our segments as a result of continued cost reductions. In North America, margins declined further driven by ongoing weakness in the U.S. onshore market, and unfavorable mix in the Gulf of Mexico. Although our Canada business grew sequentially due to seasonal activity, the recovery was less pronounced than prior years. Compared to the third quarter of 2014, revenue in North America declined 57% on sharply lower activity and unfavorable pricing, while actions we have taken to right-size our operational structure resulted in decremental adjusted operating profit margins of 30%.

"As our customers focus increasingly on managing cash, we are experiencing a current shift in spend favoring production optimization projects over exploration and development. As such, we are seeing stronger interest in our production offerings, particularly upstream and refinery chemicals, that provide our customers with optimized production from existing wells and increased ultimate recovery. Consistent with our earlier forecast, we expect further activity reductions and pricing pressures to continue across the globe for well construction for the remainder of the year, as our customers adapt their spending to the lower oil price environment.

"In the fourth quarter, we expect activity in North America to decline as our customers adjust activity for lower commodity prices, exacerbated by an extended holiday impact. Internationally, seasonal year-end product sales are not expected to offset the anticipated decline in activity. We remain focused on proactively managing our cost structure, efficiently reducing our working capital, and strategically targeting revenue opportunities to continue to increase profitability, generate positive cash flow, and maintain a strong balance sheet.

"Regarding the pending merger, I continue to be pleased with the efforts of the teams working on regulatory matters and developing plans for a successful integration. The recently announced plan to divest certain businesses is another important step in the process to complete the transaction. These businesses represent industry leading products and services with extremely proud histories of innovation and value creation for our clients throughout the world.

"Finally, I would like to recognize all of our employees for their hard work, commitment to Baker Hughes, and continued focus on our customers, while working safely in an extremely difficult business environment."

2015 Third Quarter Results

Revenue for the quarter was $3.8 billion, down 39% compared to the third quarter of 2014. Compared to the prior quarter, revenue declined $182 million or 5%.

On a GAAP basis, net loss attributable to Baker Hughes for the third quarter was $159 million or $0.36 per diluted share.

Adjusted EBITDA (a non-GAAP measure) for the third quarter of 2015 was $522 million, an increase of $63 million or 14% sequentially, and a decrease of $666 million or 56% compared to the third quarter of 2014.

Adjusted net loss (a non-GAAP measure) for the third quarter of 2015 was $22 million or $0.05 per diluted share. Adjusted net loss for the third quarter excludes $191 million before-tax or $137 million after-tax ($0.31 per diluted share) in adjustments. The adjustments include restructuring charges of $98 million before-tax or $70 million after-tax ($0.16 per diluted share) and $93 million before-tax or $67 million after-tax ($0.15 per diluted share) for merger and other related costs.

Free cash flow (a non-GAAP measure) for the quarter was $348 million. Excluding restructuring payments of $56 million, free cash flow would have been $404 million for the quarter.

For the quarter, capital expenditures were $178 million, a decrease of $80 million or 31% sequentially, and down $247 million or 58% compared to the third quarter of 2014. Depreciation and amortization expense for the third quarter of 2015 was $432 million, relatively flat sequentially and down 5% compared to the prior year quarter.

Excluding merger-related costs, corporate costs were $26 million, compared to $42 million in the prior quarter and $57 million in the third quarter of 2014. The reduction in corporate costs is mainly a result of workforce reductions and lower discretionary spend.

North America

North America revenue for the third quarter of $1.4 billion decreased 9% sequentially. The decline was driven primarily by reduced onshore U.S. activity, most notably in stimulation, drilling services and completions product lines, lower pricing across the region, and an unfavorable mix of activity in the Gulf of Mexico. Revenue declines in the U.S. were partially offset by the seasonal activity recovery in Canada, though to a much lesser extent than in prior years.

North America adjusted operating profit margin (a non-GAAP measure) was (11.2%) for the third quarter, compared to (8.5%) in the prior quarter. Despite the erosion of margins driven by the sharp decline in activity and an increasingly unfavorable pricing environment, decremental operating margins of 20% sequentially on reduced revenue were achieved as a result of ongoing cost reduction measures.

Compared to the prior year, revenue declined 57% as a result of a sharp drop in activity, as evident in the 54% year-over-year rig count decline, and deteriorating pricing conditions experienced by the industry since early 2015 as operators adjust their spending to a lower oil price environment. All product lines have been unfavorably impacted by the activity drop, with production chemicals and deepwater operations showing the most resilience. Year-over-year operating margins decreased from 12% in the prior year to (11.2%) in the current year as ongoing cost management efforts helped contain decremental operating margins on reduced activity and pricing to 30%; an improvement from the 35% year-over-year decremental operating margin reported last quarter.

Latin America

Third quarter revenue for Latin America was $439 million, flat sequentially. The revenue decline resulting from reduced onshore activity and the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates, primarily in Brazil, was offset by share gains in the quarter.

Adjusted operating profit margin for Latin America in the second quarter was 11.6%, compared to 10.3% for the prior quarter. The sequential increase in operating profit was driven by cost savings, partially offset by foreign exchange losses and unfavorable pricing across most of the region.

Compared to the prior year, revenue decreased 23% primarily driven by activity declines across the region, predominantly in the Andean geomarket where the rig count has declined 46%. Revenue was also negatively impacted by the unfavorable change in foreign exchange rates. Year over year, margins decreased 82 bps. The impact on margins from lower revenue was partially offset by improvements made to the operating cost structure, minimizing year-over-year decremental operating margins to 15%.

Europe/Africa/Russia Caspian

Revenue in Europe/Africa/Russia Caspian of $791 million for the third quarter decreased 9% sequentially, primarily due to reduced activity in Africa and Continental Europe, as reflected in the sequential rig count decline for these areas, plus the impact of unfavorable exchange rates mostly in Russia and Norway.

Adjusted operating profit margins were 12.4% for the third quarter of 2015, compared to 6.6% for the prior quarter. The improvement in margins is primarily attributable to the result of cost saving initiatives.

Compared to the prior year, revenue declined $323 million or 29%. The decrease can be attributed to activity reductions in Africa and Continental Europe, as reflected in the 30% rig count decline for those areas, the unfavorable change in exchange rates of several currencies across the region relative to the U.S. Dollar, which resulted in a reduction in revenue of approximately $110 million, and unfavorable pricing throughout the region. Additionally, revenue is down due to the deconsolidation of a joint venture in North Africa late last year. Year over year, margins decreased 99 bps primarily attributable to unfavorable pricing, approximately $43 million associated with the unfavorable change in exchange rates and lower activity. Cost-saving actions helped mitigate the impact of these unfavorable events as reflected by the 16% decremental operating margins.

Middle East/Asia Pacific

In the third quarter, revenue of $849 million in Middle East/Asia Pacific declined 1%, sequentially. The reduction in revenue from lower activity and unfavorable pricing was essentially offset by share gains primarily in drilling services and completions. Weak activity across Asia Pacific persisted, but was compensated by strength in select markets across the Middle East.

Adjusted operating profit margin was 9%, a 194 bps improvement compared to the prior quarter. The improvement in profit margins can be attributed to the benefit of cost saving measures throughout the region, and mobilization costs in the second quarter not repeating in the third quarter. The current quarter includes the unfavorable impact of charges in Iraq related to our integrated operations.

Compared to the prior year, revenue decreased $228 million, or 21%, predominantly as a result of reduced activity in Asia Pacific, as reflected in the 15% drop in the rig count, and lower revenue in the Middle East mainly as a result of a reduction in our integrated operations in Iraq. Revenue was also impacted by unfavorable pricing across the region. Share gains in the Middle East slightly offset these declines. Year over year, margins decreased 544 bps with decremental operating margins on revenue of 35%. The reduction in margins can be attributed largely to lower activity levels and unfavorable pricing. The reduction in margins was partially offset by the benefit of cost-saving actions.

Industrial Services

Revenue for Industrial Services of $339 million in the third quarter increased 11%, sequentially. Revenue growth from the prior quarter is related to the seasonal activity increase in the process and pipeline services business and activity growth in the downstream chemical business, partially offset by lower activity in the polymers product line.

Adjusted operating profit margins were 13%, compared to 10.5% in the prior quarter. The improvement in margins can be attributed to the seasonal increase in activity and additional savings from recent cost reduction measures.

Compared to the prior year, revenue increased 2% as revenue related to the acquisition of a pipeline services business late in the third quarter of 2014 was partially offset by reduced activity. Revenue was also impacted by unfavorable changes in foreign exchange rates against the U.S. Dollar. Year-over-year operating profit margins improved 247 bps, due primarily to savings from cost reduction actions.

Please see Table 1 for a reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures. A reconciliation of net (loss) income attributable to Baker Hughes to Adjusted EBITDA is provided in Table 2. Supplemental segment financial information for revenue, adjusted operating profit (loss) before tax (a non-GAAP measure), and adjusted operating profit before tax margin is provided in Tables 5a and 5b. Decremental operating margin (a non-GAAP measure) is the decrease of adjusted operating profit (loss) before interest expense and income taxes between two periods, divided by the increase or decrease in revenue between the same two periods (see Tables 5a and 5b). Free cash flow is defined as net cash flows provided by operating activities less disbursements for capital expenditures plus proceeds from disposal of assets.

Consolidated Condensed Statements of Income (Loss)




Three Months Ended


September 30,


June 30,

(In millions, except per share amounts)

2015


2014


2015

Revenue

$

3,786



$

6,250



$

3,968


Costs and expenses:






Cost of revenue

3,403



5,107



3,615


Research and engineering

115



159



124


Marketing, general and administrative

271



323



310


Restructuring charges

98





76


Litigation settlements





(13)


Total costs and expenses

3,887



5,589



4,112


Operating (loss) income

(101)



661



(144)


Interest expense, net

(55)



(59)



(53)


(Loss) income before income taxes

(156)



602



(197)


Income taxes



(233)



7


Net (loss) income

(156)



369



(190)


Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

(3)



6



2


Net (loss) income attributable to Baker Hughes

$

(159)



$

375



$

(188)








Basic (loss) earnings per share attributable to Baker Hughes

$

(0.36)



$

0.86



$

(0.43)


Diluted (loss) earnings per share attributable to Baker Hughes

$

(0.36)



$

0.86



$

(0.43)








Weighted average shares outstanding, basic

439



436



438


Weighted average shares outstanding, diluted

439



438



438








Depreciation and amortization expense

$

432



$

455



$

434


Capital expenditures

$

178



$

425



$

258


Consolidated Condensed Statements of Income (Loss)




Nine Months Ended September 30,

(In millions, except per share amounts)

2015


2014

Revenue

$

12,348



$

17,916


Costs and expenses:




Cost of revenue

11,360



14,572


Research and engineering

377



461


Marketing, general and administrative

896



977


Restructuring charges

747




Litigation settlements

(13)



62


Total costs and expenses

13,367



16,072


Operating (loss) income

(1,019)



1,844


Interest expense, net

(162)



(175)


(Loss) income before income taxes

(1,181)



1,669


Income taxes

242



(605)


Net (loss) income

(939)



1,064


Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests

3



(8)


Net (loss) income attributable to Baker Hughes

$

(936)



$

1,056






Basic (loss) earnings per share attributable to Baker Hughes

$

(2.13)



$

2.42


Diluted (loss) earnings per share attributable to Baker Hughes

$

(2.13)



$

2.40






Weighted average shares outstanding, basic

438



437


Weighted average shares outstanding, diluted

438



440






Depreciation and amortization expense

$

1,326



$

1,346


Capital expenditures

$

751



$

1,288


Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets






September 30,


December 31,

(In millions)

2015


2014

ASSETS




Current assets:




Cash and cash equivalents

$

2,043



$

1,740


Accounts receivable - less allowance for doubtful accounts (2015 - $366, 2014 - $224)

3,518



5,418


Inventories, net

3,262



4,074


Other current assets

763



813


Total current assets

9,586



12,045


Property, plant and equipment, net

8,026



9,063


Goodwill

6,075



6,081


Intangible assets, net

729



812


Other assets

1,000

...

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