All posts from in,

F.A.N.G.: The 4 Companies Driving The Stock Market

2015 has been a challenging year for investors in individual stocks. So far this year, we've seen the price performance of individual stocks vary much more than it had been previously. If you haven't been invested in the right sector or had a decent amount of your portfolio in just a few high growth stocks, it is unlikely that your portfolio has kept up with the S&P 500.

Nothing illustrates this more than the acronym FANG, which stands for the darlings of 2015: Facebook (NASDAQ:FB), Amazon (NASDAQ:AMZN), Netflix (NASDAQ:NFLX), and Google (NASDAQ:GOOG)(NASDAQ:GOOGL). As a whole, these stocks have accounted for more than 75% of the S&P 500's returns year-to-date.

Amazon is up 68% so far this year. Facebook and Google are both up by 21%. Netflix is up a staggering 153%. These four stocks comprise just 3.5% of the S&P 500, yet have contributed 75% of its performance. Together, they have driven the S&P 500's total return up by 1.6%. The S&P 500 is up by just 2.1% so far this year. If you own individual stocks and you don't own these four companies, your portfolio is going to have a very hard time getting close to the market's performance.The question that must be asked is this: If just four stocks in the S&P 500 have been doing so well, why not own these four stocks? Why not buy shares in Amazon, Facebook, Google, and Netflix?

  1. None of them pays a dividend.

An investor who puts money into a stock that doesn't pay a dividend can only profit in one way: If someone else is willing to pay them more for their shares in the future. We invest in companies for which their market price growth closely follows dividend growth. A company that pays a dividend has shown that it can create cash from its business operations and is willing to share that cash with shareholders. A company that doesn't pay a dividend either (1) doesn't make money consistently enough to afford to pay a dividend (2) is growing rapidly or (3) is not shareholder-friendly.Without a dividend, a company's stock price is based far more on speculation about future earnings. We've seen over time that earnings can be volatile. In 2008-09, earnings for the companies in the S&P 500 plunged by more than 50% with price going right along with it.

  1. They all trade for extremely high multiples.

The price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio is a quick way to see how optimistic other investors are about a stock's future. It tells us how much investors are willing to pay for $1 of that company's earnings. The current P/E for the S&P 500 is right around 18. That means the average stock delivers $1 in earnings for every $18 the investor pays to own it. That represents an annual return on investment of 5.6% ($1 divided by $18). All four of these stocks are trading at extreme premiums to the rest of the market. Facebook's P/E is currently just under 100. Netflix trades for a staggering 277 times earnings. And Amazon doesn't even have a P/E because it doesn't have positive earnings over the past 12 months. Google appears to be the "value" of the group trading at a price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio of 33.The higher a P/E investors pay, the more hope they are putting in the future. If the next few years don't pan out like investors currently expect, a company trading at a sky high P/E can see its stock price fall dramatically. Buying these stocks means signing up for a return on investment of:

If these companies don't have dramatically higher earnings in the future than they have today, their returns will be unattractive, to say the least. The only way you can profit from these shares is if you can find someone to pay even more at some point in the future.

  1. Who knows what these stocks are worth?

Are these P/E ratios too high? Maybe. They might also be too low. No one has any idea what Facebook, Netflix, Google, or Amazon will be worth 10 years from now. It's quite possible that one or more of these companies will be trading far higher than they are today. It's also quite possible that at least half of these companies will have been replaced by the latest and greatest technology of the day. What's clear is that earnings are not the major factor underlying the current market price per share. Instead, it's what each investor is willing to imagine about the company's future. Trying to predict the future of these companies is nearly impossible. Predicting what people will pay for them is even more impossible. We believe most investors would be better off not to try, especially not with money they need to live on in retirement. Conclusion: Wall Street is obsessed with trying to find the next "home run." Who is the next Netflix or Facebook? Who is going to triple in price over the next few years? Betting on these types of stocks is not much different than going out to the casino and plopping down money on the roulette wheel. Your payout is big when you win, but the odds are against you over the long term. We find it much easier to hit "singles and doubles" investing in high-quality dividend growth stocks. Our multiple regression tool helps us identify stocks that are 10% to 25% undervalued. We know these companies aren't going to blow the doors off of the market, but we do know this: The price of nearly every company in our portfolio is highly predictable based upon its future dividend payments. For virtually all of the companies we invest in, the dividend has predicted 80%-90% of the movement of its stock price over a multi-year period. That gives us confidence that our portfolios will continue to grow in value over the long term. Investors in FB, NFLX, AMZN, and GOOG can't say the same.

NOTE: Data as of 8/7/2015